Foreign employees can be hired in every activity developed throughout the national territory. The migration system in Uruguay provides different ways to enter the country: temporary residence, permanent residence or non-resident. In order to work, foreigners must have temporary or permanent residence, granted by the Uruguayan National Immigration Office.
There are different mechanisms for determining salaries:
individual negotiation between employee and employer,
bilateral negotiation with agreements between companies and unions,
tripartite negotiation involving the government with workers and employers setting the minimum. Categories and adjustments are also defined through the Wage Councils (Consejos de salarios, tripartite entities composed of State delegates, workers and employers).
Source: Uruguay XXI based on information provided by companies and consulting firms.
Here you can find the different positions for the sectors:
Information Technology Services
Life Science services
Architecture and engineering services
PERSONAL TAXATION FOR NATURAL PERSONS (DIRECT TAXES)
Natural persons who live in Uruguay are subject to the Personal Income Tax. Furthermore, natural persons pay Wealth Tax when their assets located in the country exceed the minimum non-taxable amount, established by the Executive Branch on a yearly basis.
Personal Income Tax (IRPF)
IRPF is a personal and direct tax which levies the income obtained by natural persons living in Uruguay. Residents are all natural persons staying in Uruguay for more than 183 days during a calendar year and who establish their core business or activities or have economic or vital interests in Uruguay. Payment is made on an annual basis and is liquidated - as a general rule - on December 31st of every year, without prejudice to the advances and withholdings made for different types of income.
The income tax rate is progressive, which means that the higher the income, the higher the tax:
1 BPC (Benefit and Contribution Base) = $ 4,519
Figures expressed in Uruguayan pesos. See Uruguayan peso quotation here.
Other taxes: retirement contribution, health insurance and labor reconversion fund
As a worker you must comply with other obligations that guarantee access, and that of your family, to the benefits to which you are entitled (health, social security, accident insurance).
On one hand, you have the obligation to contribute a percentage of your monthly salary that must be retained by your employer at the time of payment and this must be paid to the BPS. The percentages of personal contribution, withheld from your salary are
Retirement contribution: 15%.
National Health Insurance: This contribution varies between 3%-8% depending on the amount of income, and the family structure of the worker.
Labor Reconversion Fund: 0.125%.
On the other hand, there are areas of activity in which it is very common for professionals to invoice their fees to the company, for this it is necessary to set up:
a company providing professional services, in this case the professional must homologate his university degree in Uruguay and provide personal income tax (IRPF),
a single-member company, which will also provide personal income tax (IRPF),
a Simplified Corporations (SAS company) which will contribute IRAE, and in the case of a technology service provider will be exempt from this tax, under the Software incentive regime.
Personal Wealth Tax (IP)
Corresponding to natural persons, families and undivided inheritance is applied on the assets in the country, net of certain debts. Only the assets established, placed or economically used in Uruguay are taxed. Natural persons pay IP at progressive rates ranging from 0.7% to 1.2%, with an individual non-taxable minimum of approximately USD 110,000, which is doubled for families. Natural persons domiciled abroad, as well as foreign legal persons, are not subject to the payment of this tax regarding the balances for exports, loans and deposits made to Uruguayan residents. The assets of natural persons, families and undivided inheritance are valued at marked to market value, with particular exceptions, mainly for real estate - the values of which are established by the government from time to time.
There are exemptions to certain assets established by the regulations.