INDUSTRY FEATURES AND WAGE LEVELS
Foreign employees can be hired in every activity developed throughout the national territory, with some exceptions where there certain limitations.
Important human resources firms are established in the country, which can help you select the best company to work.
Labor relations are individually regulated by detailed laws that constitute one of the bases of Uruguay's rule of law.
Written labor agreements are not mandatory in Uruguay, although it has become an extended practice in the last years. Said agreements may be permanent or temporary. There are several salary fixing mechanisms: individual negotiation with each worker in his/her labor agreement, bilateral negotiation with the execution of bargaining agreements between company and trade unions or tripartite negotiation where the government takes part together with workers and employers in the fixing of minimum wages per category and bi-annual readjustments through the Wage Boards (tripartite entities made up of State, workers and employers' delegates).
Workers' rights include, but are not limited to, limited working hours, leaves, wage supplements and severance pay. Moreover, workers are required to join the social security and health system which covers disability, elder, retirement, disease, industrial accident, maternity, unemployment and death risks.
Foreign labor in Free Zones
In general terms, in Uruguay foreign employees can be hired in every activity developed throughout the national territory, with some few exceptions where limitations apply.
The migration system in Uruguay provides for different forms to enter the country: temporary resident, permanent resident or non-resident. In order to consider the recruitment of a foreigner for employment, the hired person should be a temporary or permanent resident. The competent authority in charge of granting (temporary or permanent) residence is the National Immigration Office.
According to national law, foreign workers have access to the same rights and obligations than national workers and employers are forced to comply with applicable labor and social security laws in force as if they were national workers.
The law on free trade zones requires them to have at least 75% of national laboral. However, the Executive Branch may grant, and it has recently granted, exceptions to this rule when it is not possible to cover positions requiring specific qualifications.
Source: 2013/2014 Remuneration Survey - PWC - Note: Figures may be subject to changes due to exchange rate variations. Data from the first half of 2015. (www.pwc.com/uy).
Here you can find the different positions for the sectors:
- Information Technology Services
- Pharmaceutical and health services
- Architecture and engineering services